SEASON 1 | EPISODE 9
Hello and welcome to Brazilian English Podcast, I’m your host and teacher Derek Noble and in this podcast we talk about Brazilian culture and entertainment to help Brazilian students of English reach fluency in English and also to spread our values and beliefs worldwide. Every episode is full of rich vocabulary for all levels of English and also full of content related to a universe that, as we know, is enormous and interesting: I’m talking about Brazilian culture.
Yo, guys, what’s up? How are you doing today? Last Sunday, on November 11th, the world honored the memory and the sacrifice of all soldiers who died in the First World War. This day is known as Armistice Day. On the same day, Americans celebrate Veterans Day, a holiday to pray and to thank all the soldiers who fought wars serving the United States. Inspired by that, I come today with a brief1 talk about the Brazilian Army.
The Brazilian Army is the land arm of the Brazilian Armed Forces. The origins of the creation of our army date back to the colonial period but its official creation was during the period of Independence from Portugal in 1822. At that time, the army was composed of Brazilians, Portuguese and foreign mercenaries2. They assured3 that the process of transition was not one of fragmentation of the territory. During the Regency period many popular rebellions took place but were repressed by the Army and the National Guard.
The Constitution of 1824, quote: ‘obliged all Brazilians to take up arms to support the Independence and integrity of the Empire, and defend it from its external and internal enemies.’
The Brazilian Army fought many wars such as the Paraguay War and the First and Second World Wars. But the one thing that Brazilian History tells us is that the Armed Forces had a major role in two pivotal4 political moments: The proclamation of the Republic and the establishment of the Military Government in 1964. The first was a coup5 led by the Army after a long attrition with the monarchical regime. And the second was an inevitable consequence of years of populist policies, which set the country back, and the fear of a communist dictatorship6 in Brazil. The matter is much more complicated than that, of course, and I don’t intend7 to give you a complete explanation about it.
More recently, the Army has taken part in a series of peacekeeping missions in many poor countries such Haiti and East Timor. Also recently, the Army has been used by the Federal Government in Rio de Janeiro. The aim8 is to fight crime in Brazilian favelas, or slums. That seems more like a desperate move of a government who does not know how to fight crime appropriately. But that is a topic for another podcast.
The most notable figures of the Brazilian Army were Lieutenant Maria Quitéria, a national heroine who fought in the war of Independence; Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva, also known as The Duke of Caxias, the patron9 of the Brazilian Army, and Marshall Candido de Rondon, explorer of the Amazon region.
As of 2018, the size of the active component of the Brazilian Army is approximately 235,000 personnel in active service. Military service in Brazil is mandatory10 for men but conscientious objection is allowed. At the year men turn eighteen, they have to register and are expected to serve at the age of nineteen. I, personally, did not have to serve the Brazilian Army but I see it as an alternative for many youngsters nowadays. Especially because in the Army they learn many skills that will be relevant or profitable11 after they complete their serving years, not to mention the fact that they learn values like honor, discipline and responsibility. All desirable in the academic and business universes.
Well, guys, this is it for this podcast. I hope you have learned something new today. If you are listening to this podcast for the first time, don’t forget to check my website at www.inglescomderek.com.br/podcasts for transcriptions and exercises and a lot more content. Also, if you want to learn more English with videos follow me on Instagram, Facebook and subscribe to my Youtube channel. In all of them you can look up the username Inglês com Derek. Thanks for listening! Keep learning English every day and I’ll see you guys later with more podcasts like this, okay? Bye bye!
1 – brief – breve
2 – mercenaries – mercenários
3 – assured – garantiram
4 – pivotal – crucial
5 – coup – golpe
6 – dictatorship – ditadura
7 – intend – pretendo
8 – aim – objetivo
9 – patron – patrono
10 – mandatory – obrigatório
11 – profitable – rentável