SEASON 2 | EPISODE 7
Hello and welcome to Brazilian English Podcast, the first podcast to talk about Brazilian culture, 100% in English. I’m your host and teacher Derek Noble, I’m Brazilian, I’m 33 and I have been learning English by myself since I was 10. Well, I created this podcast to help my brazilian students and followers learn English in an interesting and new way. As you learn English, you’re also learning about Brazilian culture, our beautiful country. Well, without any further ado, let’s jump into this episode, right now!
The Amazon Rainforest or the Amazon jungle is a moist1 broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin2 of South America. Its basin covers 7 million square kilometers of area. The rainforest has an impressive value for the oxygen it provides, for the carbon dioxide it consumes and for its many arrays3 of animal species. 30% of the world’s species are found there.
In spite of having all these attractive characteristics, The Amazon Rainforest is not a secure place to visit nor is it a popular tourist destination because of several reasons: dangerous human elements like drug lords that control the area, the risk of contracting diseases including Malaria or Yellow fever and its tropical climate with hot, humid conditions during the day and the night.
But once you are there, these are the species you will spot: the cougar, the sloth4, the capybara, the jaguar, the anaconda, the wild piranha and many others. It is a mosaic of ecosystems and vegetation types like the seasonal and flooded forests and the savanna.
The Amazon river system is responsible for the development of the rainforests. Once, some 15 million years ago, the collision of the South American plate5 and the Nazca plate formed the Andes. The rise of the Andes blocked the westward6 flow of the river and caused the Amazon to become a vast inland sea. Gradually, the Amazon became this massive swampy7 lake inhabited by several species adapted to fresh water. Nowadays, the Amazon River is the most voluminous river on earth. Its volume is enough to supply New York City’s water needs for 9 years!
There has been a steady8 increase in human population in the Amazon area, as well as a substantial improvement in mechanized agriculture. The integration of the region into the global economy is also a critical changing factor in the Amazon. Large quantities of commodities9 have been produced: cattle10 beef and leather, timber, soy oil and gas are exported to China, Europe and the USA. This leads, of course, to deforestation and forest degradation. More than 1.4 million hectares of forests have been cleared since the 1970s.
But deforestation is not the only reason the Amazon rainforest is changing. The higher temperature in the tropical Atlantic reduces rainfall across large extents of the Amazon causing drought11 and increasing the chance of fire in the rainforests.
Despite reductions in the deforestation rate over the last ten years, the Amazon rainforest will be reduced by 40% by 2030 at the current rate. The deforestation rate is decreasing due to several factors that involve government control through law enforcement, satellite monitoring and consumer demand for a less-damaging production of commodities.
Well, guys, this is it for this podcast. Thank you very much for listening and if you appreciate my work, why don’t you leave a comment or a recommendation online in one of our platforms so that more people can have access to this content? And for transcriptions and a lot more content, you can check my website at inglescomderek.com.br . I’ll talk to you guys later, bye!
1 – moist – úmido
2 – basin – bacia
3 – arrays – variedades
4 – sloth – bicho-preguiça
5 – plates – placas (tectônicas)
6 – westward – ocidental
7 – swampy – pantanoso
8 – steady – estável
9 – commodities – produtos primários
10 – cattle – gado
11 – drought – seca